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Teeth staining causes, types, and how to remove stains

Article written by Elite Dental Group

Teeth discoloration is a common dental concern, that occurs due to poor dental hygiene and over-consumption of teeth-staining drinks and foods that discolor the tooth and its enamel. There are three main types of teeth stains and they include:

Extrinsic stains – These are stains due to the consumption of food and drinks that leave a residue or build a film over the enamel. Most often extrinsic stains are caused by tobacco, coffee, tea, red wine, or cola drinks. Regular dental cleaning and whitening toothpaste will respond well to such stains.

Intrinsic stains – An intrinsic stain is a stain that has moved past the exterior tooth and settled within the enamel. One common reason for intrinsic stains is due to excessive fluoride use which is especially common in young children. Professional whitening treatments have been successful in removing such stains.

Age-related stains – As a person ages their core tissue yellows over time. In addition, their enamel will become thinner making it easier for extrinsic and intrinsic stains to occur.

To reduce teeth discoloration consider reducing the consumption of teeth-staining food and drinks. If you do smoke it is best to quit the habit as smoking not only stains teeth, but it is also the leading cause of mouth cancer.

Poor oral hygiene is also a factor of teeth discoloration. Brushing teeth twice daily with a soft-bristle toothbrush for a minimum of 2 minutes, while flossing before bed has been shown to greatly reduce surface stains.

Certain classes of medications have been shown to cause teeth staining. If you notice significant staining due to medication, it is best to speak to your doctor and look at alternative medicines that have reduced side effects.

Dr. Andre Eliasian is one of the leading dentists in cosmetic dentistry in Glendale CA. His clinic offers several services using modern dentistry procedures which are non-invasive. If you are looking for tooth whitening in Glendale or oral surgery in Glendale call for an appointment